This topic explores strategies educators can use to teach students content and skills.
All teachers use strategies in their classrooms to help students learn. Some of these strategies have been learned in teacher education programs or professional development workshops; others are developed on the job, when addressing studentsí individual learning challenges. Special education teachers typically have the opportunity to learn a wide variety of instructional strategies during their teacher preparation programs. However, all teachers encounter a variety of students, and instructional strategies that have been shown to help a wide range of students help to ensure access to the general curriculum for students with disabilities.
Instructional strategies can be thought of as having one or more of the following purposes:
- To help students learn basic skills, such as reading, writing, speaking, listening, and computation.
- To help students understand and remember the facts and concepts taught in school settings.
- To help students learn independently and transfer knowledge to non-school situations.
Some instructional strategies have been studied to determine their effectiveness with students with disabilities. Other strategies have been tested in mixed-ability classrooms or with struggling students who do not have identified disabilities. There are also teaching strategies that are considered effective based primarily on case studies, anecdotal evidence, or because they align well with a respected theoretical or conceptual approach.
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